The National Initiative for Human Development (INDH) announced by His Majesty King Mohammed VI on May 18th, 2005, fits an overall vision of three parts:
- A political process of consolidation of the modern government: democracy, rule of law, promotion of women’s and children’s rights;
- Growth generating reforms and structural projects;
- Human development in its economic, social and cultural dimensions based on the principles of good governance, through information sharing, monitoring and reporting accountability.
Based on a global and integrated vision of social and human development, the INDH has for objective to combat social deficits by laying the foundations of a harmonious development of cities and the countryside. Qualified as a long-term project, it represents a new mode of governance which places people and their well-being at the center of economic planning and development concerns.
The INDH thus appears as the illustration of a new generation of social public policy designed according to a partnership rationale (Government-local authorities-population) and trans-sectorial. It rests on the conviction that only integrated local development with the implication and ownership of the community is able to reduce poverty durably and to trigger a long-lasting development impetus.
Strongly supported by international financiers (World Bank, European Union, French, Spanish, Japanese, Italian and Chinese Cooperation agencies, etc.), the INDH allowed the implementation of actions of support of revenue generating activities, development of capacities, improvement of conditions of access to basic services and infrastructures (such as education, health, community centers, roads, water and purification, environment protection, etc.) and of support to really vulnerable people.
Up to 2010, 403 of the poorest rural districts and 264 most disadvantaged urban districts were concerned by this program, whose assessment is perceived as very positive: more than 22,000 projects (among which 3,700 that are revenue generating) implemented for the benefit of 5.2 million people, for a global investment of about 14.1 billion Dirhams (1.26 billion Euros), among which 8.4 billion Dirhams (747.6 million Euros), were covered by the INDH.
Launched in June, 2011, the second INDH phase (2011-2015) should mobilize approximately 17 billion Dirhams, and concern 701 rural districts and 530 disadvantaged urban districts around 5 programs:
- Improving the quality of life of rural populations and strengthening access to infrastructures and basic social services,
- Fighting social exclusion in urban zones,
- Fighting precariousness,
- Building capacities of human development players,
- Regional upgrade.